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Understanding Kittens’ Dental Development: The Journey of Losing Baby Teeth

Bringing a playful, tiny ball of fur into your home marks the beginning of an enchanting journey with your kitten. As you revel in their adorable antics and boundless energy, it’s important to be attuned to their developmental milestones, including the fascinating process of dental development. A common question for new cat parents is: Do kittens lose their baby teeth? In this article, we’ll explore the intricacies of kitten teething stages, uncovering the when, why, and how of their transition from baby teeth to permanent ones.

The Basics of Kitten Dental Development: A Journey from Deciduous to Permanent Teeth

Kittens, much like human infants, are born with deciduous, or baby, teeth. These tiny teeth begin to emerge at about two weeks of age, an early sign of your kitten’s growth. However, these baby teeth are not meant to last. As kittens mature, they naturally shed their baby teeth to make way for a set of permanent, adult teeth.

When Do Kittens Start Losing Their Baby Teeth?

By the age of three months, you might notice your kitten beginning the journey of losing their baby teeth. This process typically lasts until they are six to seven months old, marking the end of their transition to a full set of permanent teeth. You may see changes in your kitten’s behavior, like increased chewing, which helps alleviate teething discomfort.

Signs of Kittens Losing Baby Teeth

Finding small, sharp teeth around your home is a clear sign that your kitten is losing their baby teeth. This natural growth phase makes room for the stronger, more resilient permanent teeth.

Why Do Kittens Lose Their Baby Teeth?

The shedding of baby teeth is a normal and essential part of a kitten’s development. It signifies the growth and maturation of your feline friend and makes space for the larger, durable permanent teeth that will serve them into adulthood.

Caring for Kittens During Teething

To ease your kitten’s teething discomfort:

  • Offer suitable chew toys to soothe their gums and discourage unwanted chewing behaviors.
  • Maintain a balanced diet that supports healthy dental development.

Nurturing Healthy Dental Development in Kittens

Understanding kitten teething stages is crucial for any cat owner. This journey from tiny deciduous teeth to robust permanent ones marks their growth and development. If you have any concerns about your kitten’s dental health, TCAP’s compassionate veterinary team is here to offer guidance and support, ensuring your kitten matures into a healthy adult cat.

kitten teething stages

Frequently Asked Questions About Kitten Teething

Kittens typically begin losing their baby teeth around 3 months of age, with the process continuing until they are about 6 to 7 months old.

You might find small teeth around your home or notice your kitten chewing more frequently. These are signs that their baby teeth are making way for adult teeth.

Yes, losing baby teeth is a natural part of a kitten’s dental development, making space for their permanent adult teeth.

Offer safe chew toys and ensure they’re eating a balanced diet to support dental health. If your kitten seems unusually uncomfortable, consult your veterinarian.

While teething is normal, maintaining good dental hygiene from an early age is crucial. Regular check-ups with a vet can prevent future dental issues.

Microchipping Your Pet in Texas: A Simple Step with Big Benefits

At Texas Coalition for Animal Protection (TCAP), we believe in empowering pet owners with simple yet impactful measures to ensure the well-being and safety of their furry companions. In this blog post, we shine a spotlight on the often-overlooked, but immensely valuable practice of pet microchipping in Texas. Let’s explore the significant benefits of pet microchipping and understand why this small step can make a world of difference in the life of your beloved pet.

Permanent Identification in Texas

Pet microchipping in Texas provides a reliable and permanent method of identification for your pet. Unlike collars and tags that can be lost or removed, a microchip is a tiny, inert device embedded under your pet’s skin, ensuring they can be identified throughout their lifetime. Knowing that your pet has a form of identification that will stay with them for life provides peace of mind for pet owners. Whether they have a tendency to explore or if unforeseen circumstances lead to separation, the microchip acts as a silent guardian, drastically increasing the chances of a happy reunion.

Swift Reunification in the Lone Star State

One of the most significant benefits of pet microchipping in Texas is the increased likelihood of being reunited with your lost pet. When a lost pet is found, animal shelters and veterinary clinics in Texas routinely scan for microchips. This quick and non-invasive procedure allows them to identify the pet and contact the registered owner promptly. Microchips use universal technology, meaning that scanners used by veterinary clinics and animal shelters nationwide can read the information stored on the chip. This universality ensures that your pet’s information is accessible wherever they may be found, especially within Texas.

Affordable and Accessible

At TCAP, we understand the importance of accessible pet care in Texas. Pet microchipping is an affordable service, and we encourage all pet owners in Texas to consider this simple step to enhance the safety and security of their pets. The microchipping process is simple, quick, and relatively painless. It involves a tiny chip, about the size of a grain of rice, being inserted under your pet’s skin. This minor procedure can be done during a regular veterinary visit, causing minimal discomfort to your pet.

Secure Your Pet's Future with Microchipping in Texas

In the grand tapestry of pet care, microchipping is a small but powerful thread. It weaves a story of security, swift reunification, and the enduring bond between pets and their owners in Texas. At TCAP, we encourage every pet owner to consider the benefits of pet microchipping in Texas as a vital step in ensuring a lifetime of love, companionship, and safety for their cherished animals. Reach out to us for affordable and compassionate microchipping services in Texas, and let’s take this simple step together for the well-being of your furry family member.

pet microchipping in texas

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Pet Microchipping in Texas

While pet microchipping is not mandatory statewide in Texas, it is highly recommended as a best practice for pet safety and identification. Certain municipalities may have their own regulations, so it’s a good idea to check local ordinances.

The cost of microchipping a pet in Texas can vary depending on the veterinary clinic or animal shelter providing the service. TCAP offers affordable microchipping services; please contact us for current pricing and special offers.

The microchipping process is quick and causes minimal discomfort, similar to a routine vaccination. Most pets react briefly to the insertion and then resume their normal activities immediately afterward.

No, microchips do not have GPS capability and cannot track your pet’s location in real-time. They are passive devices activated only when scanned by a compatible reader, displaying the unique identification number linked to your contact information.

It’s crucial to keep your contact information up to date with the microchip registry. You can update your information by contacting the microchip company directly, usually online or over the phone, using the registration details provided at the time of microchipping.

Yes, most modern microchips are ISO-compliant and can be read by universal scanners used by veterinarians and animal shelters across the United States, including Texas.

You can have your pet microchipped at most veterinary clinics, including TCAP locations across Texas. Many animal shelters also offer microchipping services. Contact TCAP today to schedule a microchipping appointment for your pet.

DFW Spring Pet Care Essentials with TCAP

As the Dallas-Fort Worth area welcomes the vibrant hues and mild weather of spring, it’s a crucial time for pet owners to focus on seasonal care. TCAP is your go-to resource for DFW Spring Pet Care, offering essential tips and services to ensure your pets are healthy, happy, and safe during this blossoming season.

DFW Spring Pet Care

Addressing Seasonal Allergies in DFW

With spring’s arrival, DFW becomes a hotspot for allergens that can affect our pets. Keep an eye out for signs of discomfort, such as excessive scratching or eye irritation, indicative of allergies. Early intervention is key to managing these seasonal challenges.

Flea and Tick Prevention: A Spring Priority

The warmer climate of DFW in spring accelerates the activity of fleas and ticks. Ensuring your pet has effective protection is crucial. TCAP provides affordable flea and tick prevention solutions, an essential part of DFW Spring Pet Care. Include an internal link to your flea and tick prevention services.

Spring Grooming for DFW Pets

Increased shedding is a hallmark of the season, making grooming an essential aspect of spring pet care in DFW. Regular grooming sessions not only help manage shedding but also offer a chance to inspect your pet’s skin for any issues.

Ensuring Outdoor Safety in DFW

As our pets enjoy more time outdoors with the pleasant spring weather, ensuring the safety of your DFW home’s outdoor space is vital. Secure fencing and safe play areas are crucial for preventing any adventurous escapes.

Keeping Vaccinations Current

Spring is an excellent time to review and update your pet’s vaccinations, a core aspect of DFW Spring Pet Care. TCAP offers comprehensive vaccination services to protect your pets against seasonal and common diseases. An internal link to your vaccination services page would be appropriate here.

Seasonal Exercise Tips for DFW Pets

Embrace the mild DFW spring with enjoyable outdoor exercises for your pets. Begin with gentle walks, gradually increasing as your pet adapts. Opt for cooler morning or evening outings to avoid the midday heat. Always bring water to keep your pet hydrated and choose shaded, grassy areas to protect their paws from hot surfaces. Be vigilant for signs of overheating, such as excessive panting or lethargy, and provide ample rest. Incorporating these exercise tips into your DFW Spring Pet Care routine ensures your pets stay active and safe during the season.

The Importance of Heartworm Prevention in DFW

The rise in mosquito activity during DFW’s spring months heightens the risk of heartworm disease. Consistent prevention is essential for your pet’s health, aligning with best practices in DFW Spring Pet Care. An outbound link to information about heartworm disease could be informative.

Embracing spring in DFW with the right pet care strategies can make a significant difference in the well-being of your furry friends. TCAP is here to support every step of the way with expert advice and affordable services tailored to the needs of DFW pets and their owners. Let’s make this spring a season of joy and good health for our pets.

Spaying Female Dogs: Is Waiting for First Heat Necessary?

Making decisions about your dog’s health is a crucial aspect of responsible pet ownership. One key decision many dog owners face is when to spay their female dogs. Spaying is a vital procedure that not only prevents unwanted litters but also contributes significantly to the overall health and well-being of your furry friend. In this article, we’ll delve into the considerations of timing and the benefits associated with spaying female dogs, addressing the common concern: Should you let a female dog go into heat before spaying? Understanding the right timing for spaying female dogs is essential for their health and wellbeing.

spaying female dogs

Understanding the Spaying Procedure

Spaying, in essence, involves the surgical removal of a female dog’s ovaries and often the uterus, effectively preventing her from going into heat and eliminating the risk of pregnancy. The timing of this procedure is critical, impacting both the health and behavior of your canine companion.

Traditional Approach vs. Modern Guidelines

Traditionally, female dogs were often spayed around six months of age or after their first heat cycle. However, modern veterinary guidelines increasingly advocate for early spaying, typically between eight to sixteen weeks, and before the first heat cycle. This shift is supported by research that highlights the health benefits of early spaying. The debate around the timing for spaying female dogs has evolved with modern veterinary insights.

Health Benefits of Early Spaying

Early spaying, before the first heat cycle, has several health advantages for female dogs. It significantly reduces the risk of developing mammary tumors, particularly if the procedure is performed before the age of six months. Additionally, early spaying eliminates the potential for uterine infections, a common issue in unspayed female dogs.

Behavioral Considerations

Spaying before the first heat cycle helps prevent undesirable behaviors associated with the reproductive cycle. Female dogs in heat may exhibit restlessness, excessive vocalization, and attract male dogs, leading to potential complications. Early spaying mitigates these behaviors, contributing to a more manageable and harmonious living environment.

Reducing the Risk of Pyometra

Pyometra, a potentially life-threatening infection of the uterus, is prevented through early spaying. By eliminating the risk of uterine infections, this procedure safeguards the long-term health of your female dog.

Prioritizing the Health and Well-being of Your Female Dog

Deciding when to spay your female dog is a significant responsibility for pet owners. The health benefits associated with early spaying contribute to a longer and healthier life for your canine companion. If you’re contemplating the question, “Should you let a female dog go into heat before spaying?” reach out to the compassionate team at TCAP. We’re here to provide guidance, affordable spaying services, and support to ensure the well-being and happiness of your beloved dog for years to come.

When Should My Dog Get a Dental Cleaning?

As devoted pet owners, we often focus on various aspects of our dog’s health, but dental care is sometimes overlooked. Proper oral hygiene is essential for your dog’s overall well-being, and scheduling regular dental cleanings is a key component of responsible pet ownership. Understanding when your dog needs a dental cleaning is crucial for maintaining their oral health. In this post, we’ll explore this essential aspect of pet care, addressing the question: When should my dog get a dental cleaning? By understanding the importance of dental care for dogs, you can ensure the long-term health and happiness of your beloved furry friend.

Dog Dental Cleaning

Understanding Canine Dental Health

Dental care is not just about fresh breath; it’s integral to your dog’s overall health. Poor oral hygiene can lead to dental diseases, causing pain, discomfort, and potential systemic health issues in your pet’s heart, lungs, liver or kidneys. Because of this, it is important to make regular dental care a priority for our dogs.

Signs Your Dog Needs a Dental Cleaning

Paying attention to your dog’s oral health is crucial. Signs that your dog may need a dental cleaning include:

  • Bad breath
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Difficulty eating or chewing
  • Excessive drooling
  • Visible tartar or plaque

General Guidelines for Dental Cleanings

  • Puppies: Start dental care early by introducing tooth brushing and appropriate chew toys to prevent plaque buildup.
  • Adult Dogs: Dental cleanings are often needed annually or biannually, depending on your dog’s individual needs, breed, and oral health. Dogs with smaller mouths often require more frequent cleanings. This is also true for dogs that regularly eat human food.

Factors Influencing Dental Cleaning Frequency

Several factors determine how often your dog needs dental cleanings:

  • Breed: Small breeds are often more prone to dental issues.
  • Age: Older dogs may require more frequent cleanings. At TCAP, we can provide dental cleanings for pets less than 10 years old and with no pre-existing health conditions.
  • Diet: Feeding a balanced diet and avoiding excessive treats, or consumption of human food, can contribute to better oral health.
  • Home Care: Regular tooth brushing and dental chews can extend the time between professional cleanings.

The Dental Cleaning Process

  • Sedation: At TCAP, we use sedation during dental cleanings to ensure a thorough, stress-free experience for your dog.
  • Scaling and Polishing: Removing tartar, plaque, and polishing the teeth for a clean and smooth surface.

Ensuring your dog’s dental health is a vital aspect of responsible pet ownership. Regular dental cleanings, coupled with diligent at-home care, contribute to a longer, healthier life for your furry friend. Don’t wait until dental problems arise. Book a dental cleaning for your dog at TCAP today and ensure their ongoing oral health. Our team at TCAP is ready to assess your dog’s oral health, recommend an appropriate cleaning schedule, and provide guidance on maintaining a happy and healthy smile for your beloved canine companion.

When Should My Cat Get Spayed?

As a dedicated cat owner, you might be asking, ‘When to spay my cat?’ This is a crucial decision for your feline friend’s health. Spaying is a responsible and essential step in preventing unwanted litters and promoting the overall health of your cat. In this blog post, we’ll explore the question that often crosses the minds of cat parents: When should my cat get spayed? Understanding the optimal time for this procedure is crucial for the long-term health and happiness of your beloved kitty. Choosing the right time to spay your cat is not only about preventing unwanted litters but also about ensuring their long-term health and wellness.

Understanding the Procedure

Before delving into the timing, it’s essential to grasp the spaying procedure. Spaying involves the surgical removal of a female cat’s ovaries and often the uterus, preventing her from going into heat and eliminating the possibility of pregnancy.

Determining the Best Age to Spay Your Cat

  • Early Spaying: Traditionally, cats were spayed around six months of age. However, recent veterinary guidelines support early spaying, typically between eight to sixteen weeks.
  • Preventing Heat Cycles: Spaying before the first heat cycle significantly reduces the risk of certain health issues and prevents unwanted pregnancies.

Health Benefits of Early Spaying

  • Preventing Undesirable Behaviors: Knowing when to spay your cat is crucial, as early spaying can prevent undesirable behaviors associated with heat cycles, such as yowling, restlessness, and marking territory with urine.
  • Cat Health: By spaying your cat early, you significantly reduce their risk of developing certain cancers and health issues.

Affordable Spaying Services at TCAP

  • Access to Quality Care: At TCAP, we understand the importance of affordable and high-quality spaying services. Our experienced veterinary team is committed to providing accessible care for your cat.

Ensuring a Healthy and Happy Future for Your Cat

Deciding when to spay your cat is a crucial aspect of responsible pet ownership. The health and behavioral benefits of early spaying contribute to a longer, healthier life for your feline friend. If you’re pondering the question, “When to spay my cat?” reach out to the compassionate team at TCAP. We’re here to provide guidance, affordable spaying services, and support to ensure the well-being and happiness of your beloved cat for years to come.

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Signs of Unhealthy Dog Teeth

As dog owners, our furry friends’ well-being is our top priority, including their dental health. Healthy teeth are vital for dogs, affecting their eating comfort and overall quality of life. In this article, we’ll explore canine dental health and identify signs of unhealthy dog teeth. Recognizing these indicators is essential for taking proactive measures in dental care, ensuring a longer and happier life for our beloved companions.

The Basics of Canine Dental Health

Understanding canine dental health basics is key. Dogs can face dental issues like humans, such as gum disease, cavities, and tooth decay. Establishing a routine of regular dental care, both at home and through professional veterinary services, is pivotal in preventing and addressing dog dental problems.

What Do Unhealthy Dog Teeth Look Like?

  • Discoloration and Spots: Look for yellowing or brown spots on teeth, indicating dental problems.
  • Bad Breath (halitosis): Persistent bad breath may signal underlying issues.
  • Changes in Eating Behavior: Difficulty chewing, dropping food, or favoring one side of the mouth while eating can be signals of pain or discomfort associated with dental issues.
  • Excessive Drooling: Uncharacteristic excessive drooling, especially when not typical for your dog, can be linked to dental problems.
  • Visible Changes in Tooth Structure: Physical changes such as broken or loose teeth are clear indicators of dental problems and should be addressed promptly.
  • Reluctance to Be Touched Around the Mouth: If your dog shows reluctance to have their mouth touched, it may indicate dental pain.
  • Blood in Saliva or on Toys: The presence of blood in saliva or on chew toys can signify bleeding gums, a symptom of advanced dental disease.

Addressing Unhealthy Dog Teeth

Spotting these signs early is key to your dog’s health. If you notice any of these signs, seek veterinary care immediately. TCAP provides affordable, high-quality dental services for your dog’s needs. The compassionate team at TCAP is here to provide affordable and high-quality dental services, contributing to a bright smile and a happy, healthy life for your beloved dog.

At TCAP, we offer affordable, quality dental services to keep your dog smiling and healthy.

Bordetella Vaccine for Dogs: Essential for Your Pet’s Health?

Deciding on vaccinations is a key aspect of pet care. In this guide, we’ll explore whether the Bordetella vaccine is essential for your dog, drawing on both professional advice and personal experiences as a dog owner.

What is Bordetella? Understanding the Risk to Your Dog

Let’s start at the beginning: what is Bordetella? Bordetella bronchiseptica, a common bacterium, causes kennel cough, a widespread respiratory disease in dogs. This highly contagious disease can quickly spread in environments where dogs congregate, such as boarding facilities, grooming salons, and dog parks. Symptoms of kennel cough include a persistent cough, sneezing, and in some cases, fever and lethargy. It’s not just Bordetella that causes these symptoms; viruses can also contribute, making comprehensive vaccinations vital for protection.

Understanding the Bordetella Vaccine

Making informed decisions about vaccinations, like the Bordetella vaccine, is a critical part of responsible dog ownership. The Bordetella vaccine is designed to protect dogs from kennel cough, a highly contagious respiratory disease. This vaccine is particularly crucial for dogs that frequently socialize with others, whether in parks, boarding facilities, or training classes. It stimulates the dog’s immune system to recognize and combat the Bordetella bacterium, thus reducing the severity and likelihood of developing kennel cough.

The Bordetella Vaccination: Protecting Your Dog from Kennel Cough

· Boarding Facilities: To ensure all dogs’ safety, many boarding facilities and grooming salons ask for Bordetella vaccination records.

· Dog Parks and Social Settings: The Bordetella vaccine is vital for dogs that often meet other dogs in places like dog parks. It helps prevent the spread of kennel cough.

· Puppy Socialization Classes: For puppies entering socialization classes, the Bordetella vaccine is often a prerequisite.

Administered in various forms, this vaccine stimulates your dog’s immune system. It plays a crucial role, especially for dogs that often socialize. However, depending on your dog’s exposure and lifestyle, your vet might suggest a different schedule.

When is the Bordetella Vaccine Necessary for Your Dog?

Beyond the usual scenarios, consider the Bordetella vaccine if your dog participates in dog shows, obedience classes, or frequents daycare facilities. The risk of kennel cough isn’t limited to just kennels; it’s a concern wherever dogs gather. Whether you live in a bustling city or a quieter rural area, your dog’s social habits are the key factor in deciding on this vaccination.

Common Misconceptions and FAQs

· Only Required for Boarding: While many boarding facilities mandate the Bordetella vaccine, it’s not solely for the benefit of the facility. It protects your dog from potential infection in communal spaces.

· Vaccinated Dogs Can Still Contract Kennel Cough: Vaccination reduces the severity of symptoms, making it less likely for your dog to suffer severe consequences if exposed. It does not guarantee complete immunity.


Puppies can be vaccinated as early as several weeks old, depending on the vaccine type.

Protection typically begins within a week after vaccination.

Side effects are rare and usually mild, such as a slight fever or nasal discharge.

While the Bordetella vaccine is not universally required for all dogs, it plays a crucial role in preventing kennel cough in social environments. If you’re wondering, “Should my dog get Bordetella?” consider your dog’s lifestyle and exposure to other dogs. Consulting with your veterinarian at TCAP will help you make an informed decision and ensure your furry friend receives the appropriate vaccinations to lead a healthy and happy life.

Exploring Convenient North Texas Locations for Pet Care

Pet Care in North Texas

North Texas is a thriving region with a vibrant community of pet owners prioritizing the well-being of their furry friends. Finding high-quality, affordable pet care that’s also convenient can be a challenge. 

That’s why Texas Coalition for Animal Protection is committed to providing accessible and affordable pet care services to communities across North Texas. With eight DFW area locations and more than 40 offsite travel locations, our team will surely visit a neighborhood near you. 

The Advantages of Multiple Pet Care Locations

Having affordable pet care in your area means local expertise about nearby disease outbreaks, less time traveling to get your pet’s annual vaccines, and more money in your budget for other household needs.

Pet owners who visit TCAP have convenient access to professional services, regardless of their location within the region. This convenience saves time and effort, allowing you to quickly find the care your pets need. 

TCAP Spay and Neuter Locations

TCAP has eight DFW-Area locations to serve your pets

  • Allen: 111 N Greenville Ave. Suite A
  • Arlington: 2400 SE Green Oaks Blvd.
  • Burleson: 344 SW Wilshire Blvd. Suite E
  • Denton: 713 Sunset St.
  • Fort Worth: 2401 Westport Parkway Suite 140
  • Garland: 1235 Northwest Highway
  • Hurst: 1856 Precinct Line Rd. Suite 108
  • Weatherford: 1302 S. Main Street Suite 144

Travel/Transport Locations

In addition to eight convenient locations, TCAP brings its low-cost spay/neuter and vaccine/wellness program to communities across North Texas. By partnering with area shelters, city municipalities, and local businesses, TCAP can set up pop-up-style clinics where it lacks a permanent location. 

Regarding vaccines and wellness events, pet owners have access to low-cost vaccines, flea and tick prevention, heartworm testing and prevention, and more at more than 40 locations across the metroplex. New sites are added often, so the best way to find an event near you is to visit our vaccine clinic calendar. 

Currently, travel spay and neuter city locations include Hillsboro and Azle. 

Additionally, TCAP offers convenient spay/neuter transport services whereby pets are picked up at a partner business location and transported to the nearest TCAP facility for their spay/neuter. Pets are returned to the drop-off location at the end of the day for pet owners to pick up. Transports leave from Granbury and Cleburne.

Texas Coalition for Animal Protection Launches Veterinary Surgical Externship Program

The Texas Coalition for Animal Protection (TCAP) is proud to announce the launch of its best-in-class Veterinary Student Surgical Externship Program. This initiative aims to invest in the next generation of veterinary doctors – providing hands-on experience and inspiring more veterinarians to take an interest in shelter medicine.

As a leading 501(c)3 nonprofit organization providing low-cost spay/neuter, vaccine, and essential wellness services, TCAP recognizes the importance of fostering the next generation of compassionate and skilled veterinary professionals.

"We are thrilled to launch our Veterinary Student Surgical Externship Program, as it embodies our mission to end pet overpopulation and improve community animal welfare. By providing aspiring veterinarians with an immersive, hands-on surgical experience, we empower them to positively impact animal health and welfare in our community."

TCAP’s five-day Veterinary Student Surgical Externship offers participants a unique opportunity to work alongside highly qualified and experienced veterinary surgeons in TCAP’s state-of-the-art surgical training facility. Under the guidance of these seasoned professionals, externs will gain practical experience in various high-quality, high-volume procedures, including spay and neuter surgeries, vaccinations, basic wellness care, and more.

The program, open to fourth-year veterinary students, is designed to enhance participants’ technical skills, increase their confidence in the operating room, and deepen their understanding of sterilization surgical techniques.

During the program, externs will also have access to educational resources, engage in lectures and discussions surrounding various animal welfare topics, participate in case discussions, and learn from elite instructors specializing in HQHV community animal care.

Interested individuals can find more information about the TCAP’s Veterinary Student Surgical Externship Program, including application details and requirements, by visiting the externship information page.

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